Goals of Project:
To improve living conditions of newly arrival Rohingya refugees through reducing health risks causing environmental hazards.
Improved WASH facilities including menstrual hygiene, hand washing and bathing rooms for Rohingya children, adolescent girls & boys, women and men, end of the project period September 2018.
- Enhance awareness among the target groups on improved WASH, its needs for diseases free environed and their roles in proper management of new facilities and at least 70% of them can share 3 messages with other people;
- Increase access to gender sensitive WASH facilities and environmental sanitation by installing improved Safe water wells, improved toilets, removing and disposing disinfected human excreta;
- Strengthen O&M along with management capacities of user-groups to ensure regular factional status of the newly installed WASH options.
- Preliminary & Cross-cutting activities: The preliminary activities include: Obtaining approval from NGOAB and RRRC; Feasibility Study & Need Assessment; Deployment of Project Staffs; Basic Training to Project Staffs, Awareness Campaign; Coordination Meeting with local stakeholders;
- Awareness Activities: The activities will include, local leader’s orientation, formation of WASH management committee; group discussion with women and adolescents; child to adult dissemination; Popular Theater (If possible); hygiene promotion Campaign focusing to improved hand wash and Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM. The trained project staffs will organize and conduct the awareness activities;
- Installation of WASH Facilities: In purpose to increase improved WASH facilities among the Rohingya Refuges, a package of WASH facilities will be installed which include: removal of Nonfunctional latrines and water wells, Installation of Gender Sensitive Community Toilets, Installation of DTW, Installation of Waste disposal Unit, Installation of Women’s Bathing Rooms attached with Menstrual Hygiene Management facilities,);
- Training: In purpose to strengthen O&M and management capacities of the user groups to ensure functional and safe of the installed facilities, Social and technical training courses will be organized and conducted for the leading men and women among the user groups. The Social aspects will include leadership training, hygiene promotion etc. while the technical training courses include On-site Mason training, O&M training etc. Trained project staffs will organize and facilitate the training courses. The Field Engineer will facilitate the technical training while the Community Facilitators will facilitate the leadership, hygiene promotion courses.
- A high population density in the settlements means limited land is available to build facilities for the refugee population. Existing facilities are overwhelmed.
- WASH remains of high concern, as fecal contamination of drinking water is high. Disease outbreak, including acute watery diarrhea, remains likely – a dangerous combination with very high malnutrition rates.
- The ongoing measles outbreak is of concern, again particularly in combination with very high malnutrition rates. The latest SMART survey in Kutupalong refugee camp shows global acute malnutrition rates of 24%.
- The humanitarian community has limited time to scale up response prior to the cyclone season (April–June). This will significantly compound relief efforts and increase the risk of disease outbreak. Existing shelters are unable to withstand cyclones.
- Measures to prevent long-term full aid dependency are needed. This is particularly challenging as Rohingya are limited in their freedom of movement and livelihood opportunities.
Recommendations & Conclusion:
Ensuring people’s participation in implementation process, sustenance of achievements including the natural and local contexts that may hamper the progress. It is further assumed that the target communities including the relevant stakeholders will extend useful and sufficient cooperation in effectively implementation the project. However, as the project will be implemented among the Rohingya Refuges who are deprived forgotten people living in the Cox’s Bazar various camps relatively a new concept among them, there is a possibility to emerge the some potential risks that may cause for hampering the expected outputs. If happens, the consortium (FPO and SPACE) will utilize its strengths and opportunities for the expected result-based implementation.