SPACE views that inadequate sanitation facilities are a significant barrier to improving the health and well being of the people. In Bangladesh 74.8 million people lack access to improved sanitation. Although much progress has been made on reducing open defecation from 34% to 3%, this progress has not been translated into a corresponding increase in the use of improved latrines, which is reported as 55.9%. Poor sanitation practices have dire health impacts. Diarrhea, typhoid and other diseases are spread by bacteria in feces. According to Bangladesh Health and Injury Survey diarrhea and respiratory disease – the combined leading causes of childhood mortality globally and in Bangladesh – are common among rural children.
Considering the situation, SPACE with the financial assistance of internal and external donors, has facilitated in installing various types of latrines like off-set pit and pit latrines, WASH block shared latrine etc. During the reporting time, SPACE installed a total of 8034 latrines out of them 2978 latrines installed through subsidy and 5056 latrines installed by community people on their own cost after being motivated by SPACE’s field staff. Consequently 1156 children, 16878 males, 16833 females and 5837 adolescents including disable people have access to improved latrine facilities. Field observation reveals that around 30% HHs cleaned their latrine regularly and 40% HHs used sandal to use latrine. During the reporting time, SPACE declared 11 open defecation free (ODF) communities at Gowainghat, Sylhet. Now around 7,350 people from 1,317 households in that area live in OD free environment.
SPACE has so far facilitated in installing 24700 hygienic latrines and four types of 1087 Eco toilets (e.g. Movable drum system using plastic fiber pan, fixed chamber system using Modified Traditional Eco Pan, fixed chamber system using Traditional Eco Pan and Single Pit Urine Diversion Toilet) through which around 160550 poor people got access to improved latrine facilities.