Project Name: Community Led Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT)

Short Project Name: CLWASH

Location/Work Area: Chittagong (Lama Upazila of Bandarban Hill)

Donors/Partners: Max Foundation (Netherlands)

Project Duration: January 2011 – December 2011

Total Project Budget: BDT 56,70,000

Target People: Children, Adolescent Girls and Women

Project Background:

Max Foundation, the Netherlands has funded a one year project to Society for People’s in Change and Equity (SPACE) on Community-Led Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Chittagong Hill Tracts at 3 unions under Lama Upazila in Bandarban district. Despite the project was supposed to be started from January 2011, it was actually started from February due to the approval of the NGO Affairs Bureau and continued up to January 2012. The project focused to the major expected outputs (i) Improved knowledge for preventing child mortality through WASH and safe mother hood service through the TBA; (ii) Increased access to WASH and safe motherhood facilities among poor people in the project areas; (iii) Strengthened community-based management of WASH facilities and improved hygiene behavior; (iv) Improved services by TBA during ANC, delivery and PNC and (v) Increased health and WASH services from local and LGI resources.

Project Activities:

Preparatory Phase: The works included in the preparatory phase were: Government approval from NGOAB, concerned Ministries and CHT Development Authority, Staff Recruitment and Foundation Training for Project Staffs. SPACE organized and conducted five (5) days long Foundation Training for the project staffs. 100% of the mentioned activities completed in time although the project approval took a bit more time.

Awareness Activities: The awareness activities were undertaken for enhancing the WASH and safe motherhood knowledge among the target communities. The activities included: Participatory situational Analysis, Community Meeting, Orientation to VHPC and CHPC, Conduct Ignition PRA, Popular theater/cultural show, School WASH sessions, Developing IEC/ BCC Materials. Field report reveals that 100% of the activities under this portion have been completed; IEC/BCC development works completed 80% due to increased printing costs. In consequences of the Awareness activities, over 80% target people can share 3-5 WASH messages and practice 2-3 hygiene disciplines although the issues are related to behavioral changes.

Installation of WASH Hardware: WASH hardware included installation of 50 safe water options, 50 water quality test, and establishment of 01 Sani-mart and installation of 1200 low-cost latrines. Year end field report reveals that 52 water options have been installed, 03 Sani-mart with 07 sub-marts is established and 1105 low-cost latrines have been installed. In completion status stands at 104% of water options; 100% Sani-mart is established and 92% low-cost latrines installed. As the output of installing the hardware components, project villagers have increased access to water and sanitation and hygiene facilities.

WASH O&M and Management Training: It included formation of 50 User’s Groups, conducting 06 O&M Training, 06 Training on Hygiene Promotion and 06 training on Water Safety Plan. The year end field report further indicates that 100% of all activities have been during the project period. Almost 100% water options found always functional; over 80% of those options are always found neat and clean; more than 40% beneficiaries efficiently maintain personal and family hygiene although there found still gaps in environmental sanitation; over 60% people hygienically use and clean latrines on regular basis. Mostly, the children and women are involved in cleaning latrines although SPACE tries for involving the male counterparts. As the issues are related with the behavioral change factors, it will take some time to improve the expected hygienic situations and involving male counterparts in the cleaning tasks.

Safe Motherhood: The safe motherhood activities included Basic and Refresher courses for the TBA along with delivery of delivery kit-boxes to the trained TBAs. 100% of the targeted activities in line of the implementation plan have been completed in time.  As the results of the activities, almost 90% TBAs are active with improved safe motherhood knowledge and safe delivery skills, majority among target people are aware of safe motherhood services in terms to ANC, safe delivery and PNC along with importance for healthy mother and children.

Case Study: The case focused on the success and failure experiences of the implemented project activities. SPACE targeted for preparing and documenting 15 case studies at the end of the project. 100% cases studies covering success and failure stories of community, group and person individuals.

Major Findings:

  • Enhanced awareness on WASH and Safe motherhood among 70% people;
  • Strengthened safe delivery skills among 137 trained TBA,
  • 24 Community Volunteer Groups formed,
  • 450 cases were referred;
  • Increased access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene among poor houses and schools;
  • Improved Child and Mother care services in local health services (Public);
  • Increased nutritious food facilities at homestead of the target poor households through organic homestead gardens;
  • Improve mother and child’s health in project areas;
  • Improved collaboration and coordination established with government administration and departments